Cannabis Corner

with Speaking Wind Woman

More than cannabinoids – we found terpenes too!

Terpenes are exciting the marijuana industry

CC-TerpenesKEYimgI just read an interesting post @ Theweedblog.com written by Johnny Green – Mangoes Increase The Effects Of Consuming Marijuana The science behind this discovery begins with a chemical compound known as myrcene terpenes, found in cannabis (and many other plants including of course mangoes!).

Labs are testing terpene profiles in controlled environments.  Terpenes themselves are not a new discovery. We’ve been testing and analyzing terps in coffee, wine, oranges and so on for quite some time. However in the cannabis world this is NEW !

So, what is a terpene exactly, and why should you care? Terpenes are classified as organic compounds. Different strains of cannabis have a wide variety of smells and tastes. Many terpenes affect the aroma and flavor profile of your bud. By mapping out the terpene profiles, we can predict and manipulate them. Changing the smell and flavor is pretty cool, but it’s not even the most exciting part about terpene research.

Some terpenes have been found to have medicinal benefits. These are non-psychoactive compounds that can be used to safely treat an array of medical conditions. There are a ton of different terpenes in cannabis – THE TOP 5 TERPENES AND THEIR THERAPEUTIC USES that you should be familiar with include.

LIMONENE
Therapeutic Uses

Antidepressant – Relieves symptoms of depression.

Antifungal  Inhibits the growth of fungus.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Anxiolytic – Relieves anxiety.

Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux  Reduces acid reflux.

Immunostimulant  Stimulates the immune system.

  • Flavor / Aroma – Citrus.
  • Medicinal Uses – Limonene can be used to help promote weight loss, prevent and treat cancer, and treat bronchitis. It can also be used to make ointments and medicinal creams that penetrate the skin better.
  • Strain – Perhaps you know Super Lemon Haze gets it’s name partially from the aroma, but did you know the smell is present because it contains Limonene?

MYRCENE – Therapeutic Uses

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Diabetic – Helps mitigate the effects of diabetes.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Insomnia – Aids with sleep.

Anti-Proliferative/Anti-Mutagenic – Inhibits cell mutation, including cancer cells.

Antipsychotic – Tranquilizing effects relieve symptoms of psychosis.

Antispasmodic –  Suppresses muscle spasms.

  • Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and musky with a hint of fruity flavors.
  • Medicinal Uses –  Myrcene has been shown to be an effective anti inflammatory. It also works as a sedative and muscle relaxer. This could possible contribute to the tired/stoney feeling often attributed to indicas.
  • Strain – A Swiss study found that most of the strains they tested contains high levels of myrcene. One strain they tested, Lovrin 110, contained over 65% myrcene.

LINALOOL – Therapeutic Uses

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antidepressant – Relieves symptoms of depression.

Anti-Epileptic – Reduces seizures and convulsions.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation.

Antipsychotic – Tranquilizing effects relieve symptoms of psychosis.

Anxiolytic Relieves anxiety

Sedative – Promotes sleep.

  • Flavor / Aroma  Floral with a hint of spice. In addition to cannabis, linalool can be found in an array of flowers,mint, cinnamon, and even some fungi.
  • Medicinal Uses – Can be used as an anti inflammatory. It also helps to modulate motor movements. Another study found that Linalool could be used to help treat liver cancer.
  • Strain – A lab tested sample of Amnesia Haze showed slightly over 1% linalool

BORNEOL – Therapeutic Uses

In addition to numerous medicinal properties, borneol also is a natural insect repellent, preventing disease being passed by mosquitoes, fleas and other pests. Research released on January 8th shows that borneol can be an effective disease vector control method to combat West Nile and other mosquito borne pathogens.Borneol_or_Borneolum_Plant_Extract

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Fibrosis – Balances the body’s fibrosis response to injury.

Anti-Fungal – Inhibits the growth of fungus.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Antioxidant – Prevents oxidation damage to other molecules in the body.

  • Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and camphor.
  • Medicinal Uses – Borneol can be used as an analgesic, anti-insomnia, anti-septic, and bronchodilator.
  • Strain – Dr. Mariano García de Palau claims that haze strains such as K13 contain high amounts of borneol.

Alpha-Pinene-Beta-Pinene-terpene-cannabis

Alpha-Pinene / Beta-Pinene – Therapeutic Uses

Evidence shows that pinene can be a bronchodilator, increasing airflow to the lungs and helping with conditions such as asthma. Like many terpenes and cannabinoids, pinene is both an analgesic and anti-inflammatory, making it useful for a sufferer of chronic pain. Pinene helps fight cancer by encouraging apoptosis and being an anti-proliferative. Pinene is an antioxidant and even appears to aid in memory retention.

 

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antioxidant – Prevents oxidation damage to other molecules in the body.

Flavor / Aroma – Pine. This is, of course, partially where pine trees get their scent from.

  • Medicinal Uses – Pinene has been shown to have anti inflammatory properties.
  • StrainOne study examined 16 marijuana plants and found all the strains contained notable amounts of alpha-pinene

AMAZONFTR-51D1UnjWxfL__AA324_PIkin4,BottomRight,-60,22_AA346_SH20_OU15_Amazon has a reasonable selection of recommended reading materials on the subject.  Cannabinoids and Terpenes: The Medicinal Benefits of Cannabis.Is a rather informative booklet.

The internet is chock-full of ideas on how to manipulate terpene profiles. Some methods include using horticultural molasses, slightly stressing your plant regularly, or using any one of the commercial products available. Most of these come with mixed reviews.

The Future of Terpenes

Chart of marijuana aromas (source: Big Book of Buds)

Chart of marijuana aromas (source: Big Book of Buds)

Terpenes are responsible for both the flavour and aroma of the plant. It is important to remember that a plant with little aroma will always have little flavour.

There is still A LOT to learn. Terpenes and their interactions on the brain is a fascinating subject, leading to numerous medical researches and another level of exploration and creativity for seedbanks.

Through recognizing the different families of terpenes, we can predict the effects of a marijuana bud only with its smell!

Cannabis Corner on FacebookJust thinking about the possible medical benefits is incredibly exciting. Get ready, because you are going to hear at lot of buzz about THE TANTALIZING TERPENES of CANNABIS – if you haven’t already.

AND….. On that note…..

Get Healthy, Be Strong, Stay happy!

This article was written by Speaking Wind Woman, host of Gypsy Wind Productions who believes education is empowerment – FOR CANNABIS CORNER – FIND US ON FACEBOOK & SIGN UP TODAY……

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2 thoughts on “More than cannabinoids – we found terpenes too!

  1. Ken Brooks on said:

    Very interested in the medical benefits for pain

    Liked by 1 person

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